« Back to Research Deepdives

‘Social Jetlag’ & Metabolic Disease Risk

This content is restricted to members.

To view our premium content, sign up for a membership:


Register New Account

Choose your membership level

Choose Your Payment Method

‹ Back to Research Deepdives


1. Qian J, Dalla Man C, Morris CJ, Cobelli C, Scheer FAJL. Differential effects of the circadian system and circadian misalignment on insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion in humans. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism. 2018;20(10):2481–5.
2. Morris CJ, Yang JN, Garcia JI, Myers S, Bozzi I, Wang W, et al. Endogenous circadian system and circadian misalignment impact glucose tolerance via separate mechanisms in humans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2015;112(17):E2225–34.
3. Roenneberg, Pilz, Zerbini, Winnebeck. Chronotype and Social Jetlag: A (Self-) Critical Review. Biology. 2019;8(3):54.
4. Dunlap J, Loros J, DeCoursey P, editors. Chronobiology: Biological Timekeeping. Sunderland, Massachusetts.: Sinauer Associates, Inc; 2004.
5. Eastman CI, Suh C, Tomaka VA, Crowley SJ. Circadian rhythm phase shifts and endogenous free-running circadian period differ between African-Americans and European-Americans. Scientific Reports. 2015 Feb 11;5.
6. Aschoff J. Circadian Rhythms in Man. Science. 1965;148(3676):1427–32.
7. Roenneberg T, Daan S, Merrow M. The Art of Entrainment Till. Journal of biological rhythms. 2003;18(3):183–94.
8. Wehrens SMT, Christou S, Isherwood C, Middleton B, Gibbs MA, Archer SN, et al. Meal Timing Regulates the Human Circadian System. Current Biology [Internet]. 2017;27(12):1768-1775.e3.
9. Wittmann M, Dinich J, Merrow M, Roenneberg T. Social Jetlag : Misalignment of Biological and Social Time. Chronobiology International. 2006;23(1–2):497–509.
10. Parsons M, Moffitt T, Gregory A, Goldman-Mollor S, Nolan P, Poulton R, et al. Social jetlag, obesity and metabolic disorder: investigation in a cohort study. In J Obes (Lond). 2016;39(5):842–8.
11. Mota MC, Silva CM, Balieiro LCT, Fahmy WM, Crispim CA. Social jetlag and metabolic control in non-communicable chronic diseases: A study addressing different obesity statuses. Scientific Reports. 2017;7(1):1–8.
12. Mota MC, Silva CM, Balieiro LCT, Gonçalves BF, Fahmy WM, Crispim CA. Association between social jetlag food consumption and meal times in patients with obesity-related chronic diseases. PLoS ONE. 2019;14(2):1–14.
13. Kantermann T, Sung H, Burgess HJ. Comparing the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire and Munich ChronoType Questionnaire to the Dim Light Melatonin Onset. Journal of Biological Rhythms. 2015 Oct 4;30(5):449–53.
14. Roenneberg T, Wirz-Justice A, Merrow M. Life between clocks: Daily temporal patterns of human chronotypes. Journal of Biological Rhythms. 2003;18(1):80–90.
15. Morris CJ, Garcia JI, Myers S, Yang JN, Trienekens N, Scheer FAJL. The human circadian system has a dominating role in causing the morning/evening difference in early diet-induced thermogenesis. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015;23(10):2053–8.
16. Cauter E van, Désir D, Decoster C, Féry F, Balasse EO. Nocturnal Decrease in Glucose Tolerance During Constant Glucose Infusion. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 1989;69(3):604–11.
17. Reutrakul S, Hood MM, Crowley SJ, Morgan MK, Teodori M, Knutson KL, et al. Chronotype is independently associated with glycemic control in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2013;36(9):2523–9.
18. Mekary R a, Giovannucci E, Willett WC, Dam RM van, Hu FB. Eating patterns and type 2 diabetes risk in men: reakfast omission, eating frequency, and snacking. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 2012;95:1182–9.
19. Kanerva N, Kronholm E, Partonen T, Ovaskainen ML, Kaartinen NE, Konttinen H, et al. Tendency toward eveningness is associated with unhealthy dietary habits. Chronobiology International. 2012;29(7):920–7.
20. Maukonen M, Kanerva N, Partonen T, Kronholm E, Wennman H, Männistö S. The associations between chronotype , a healthy diet and obesity. Chronobiology International. 2016;May.
21. Maukonen M, Kanerva N, Partonen T, Männistö S. Chronotype and energy intake timing in relation to changes in anthropometrics: a 7-year follow-up study in adults. Chronobiology International. 2019;36(1):27–41.
22. Walker RJ, Christopher AN. Time-of-day preference mediates the relationship between personality and breakfast attitudes. Personality and Individual Differences [Internet]. 2016;91:138–43.
23. Scheer FAJL, Hilton MF, Mantzoros CS, Shea SA. Adverse metabolic and cardiovascular consequences of circadian misalignment. Vol. 17, PNAS March. 2009.