« Back to Research Deepdives

Does High Morning Energy Intake Lead to Greater Weight Loss?

This content is restricted to members.

To view our premium content, sign up for a membership:


Register New Account

Choose your membership level

Choose Your Payment Method

‹ Back to Research Deepdives


  1. de Castro JM. The Time of Day of Food Intake Influences Overall Intake in Humans. J Nutr. 2004;134(1):104–11.
  2. Cauter E Van, Désir D, Decoster C, Féry F, Balasse EO. Nocturnal Decrease in Glucose Tolerance During Constant Glucose Infusion. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 1989;69(3):604–11.
  3. Morgan LM, Aspostolakou F, Wright J, Gama R. Diurnal variations in peripheral insulin resistance and plasma non-esterified fatty acid concentrations : a possible link ? Ann Clin Biochem. 1999;36:447–50.
  4. Chaix A, Zarrinpar A, Miu P, Panda S. Time-restricted feeding is a preventative and therapeutic intervention against diverse nutritional challenges. Cell Metab. 2014;20(6):991–1005.
  5. Sherman H, Genzer Y, Cohen R, Chapnik N, Madar Z, Froy O. Timed high‐fat diet resets circadian metabolism and prevents obesity. The FASEB Journal. 2012 Aug 16;26(8):3493–502.
  6. Jakubowicz D, Barnea M, Wainstein J, Froy O. High Caloric intake at breakfast vs. dinner differentially influences weight loss of overweight and obese women. Obesity. 2013;21(12):2504–12.
  7. Jakubowicz D, Froy O, Wainstein J, Boaz M. Meal timing and composition influence ghrelin levels, appetite scores and weight loss maintenance in overweight and obese adults. Steroids. 2012;77(4):323–31.
  8. Johnston JD. Physiological responses to food intake throughout the day. Nutr Res Rev. 2014;27(1):107–18.
  9. Johnston JD, Ordovas JM, Scheer FAJL, Turek FW. Circadian Rhythms, Metabolism, and Chrononutrition in Rodents and Humans. Advances in Nutrition. 2016;7:399–406.
  10. Almoosawi S, Vingeliene S, Karagounis LG, Pot GK. Chrono-nutrition: A review of current evidence from observational studies on global trends in time-of-day of energy intake and its association with obesity. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 2016;75(4):487–500.
  11. Sutton EF, Beyl R, Early KS, Cefalu WT, Ravussin E, Peterson CM. Early Time-Restricted Feeding Improves Insulin Sensitivity, Blood Pressure, and Oxidative Stress Even without Weight Loss in Men with Prediabetes. Cell Metab. 2018;27(6):1212-1221.e3.
  12. Jamshed H, Beyl RA, Manna DLD, Yang ES, Ravussin E, Peterson CM. Early time-restricted feeding improves 24-hour glucose levels and affects markers of the circadian clock, aging, and autophagy in humans. Nutrients. 2019;11(6):3–5.
  13. Ruddick-Collins LC, Morgan PJ, Fyfe CL, Filipe JAN, Horgan GW, Westerterp KR, et al. Timing of daily calorie loading affects appetite and hunger responses without changes in energy metabolism in healthy subjects with obesity. Cell Metab. 2022 Oct;34(10):1472-1485.e6.
  14. Vujović N, Piron MJ, Qian J, Chellappa SL, Nedeltcheva A, Barr D, et al. Late isocaloric eating increases hunger, decreases energy expenditure, and modifies metabolic pathways in adults with overweight and obesity. Cell Metab. 2022 Oct;34(10):1486-1498.e7.
  15. Ravussin E, Beyl RA, Poggiogalle E, Hsia DS, Peterson CM. Early Time‐Restricted Feeding Reduces Appetite and Increases Fat Oxidation But Does Not Affect Energy Expenditure in Humans. Obesity. 2019;27(8):1244–54.
  16. Richter J, Herzog N, Janka S, Baumann T, Kistenmacher A, Oltmanns KM. Twice as High Diet-Induced Thermogenesis After Breakfast vs Dinner On High-Calorie as Well as Low- Calorie Meals. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2020;105(March):1–11.
  17. Bo S, Fadda M, Castiglione A, Ciccone G, De Francesco A, Fedele D, et al. Is the timing of caloric intake associated with variation in diet-induced thermogenesis and in the metabolic pattern? A randomized cross-over study. Int J Obes. 2015;39(12):1689–95.
  18. Ruddick-Collins LC, Flanagan A, Johnston JD, Morgan PJ, Johnstone AM. Circadian Rhythms in Resting Metabolic Rate Account for Apparent Daily Rhythms in the Thermic Effect of Food. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2022 Jan 18;107(2):e708–15.
  19. Chowdhury EA, Richardson JD, Tsintzas K, Thompson D, Betts JA. Postprandial metabolism and appetite do not differ between lean adults that eat breakfast or morning fast for 6 weeks. J Nutr. 2018;148(1):13–21.
  20. Chowdhury EA, Richardson JD, Gonzalez JT, Tsintzas K, Thompson D, Betts JA. Six Weeks of Morning Fasting Causes Little Adaptation of Metabolic or Appetite Responses to Feeding in Adults with Obesity. Obesity. 2019;27(5):813–21.